What are Nootropics? The Ultimate Beginners Guide To Cognitive Enhancers
“Nootropics” generally refers to any cognitive enhancing supplement that is non-toxic, non-addictive, and neuroprotective
The first nootropic, piracetam, was synthesized in 1964. Since then, the category has grown to include hundreds of compounds
Many nootropics have solid clinical evidence that they can enhance cognition (others, not so much)
Nootropics can potentially help with any number of cognitive functions, such as memory, mood, attention, focus, learning, and processing speed
Some nootropics are created in labs, others occur naturally
What Are Nootropics?
“Nootropics” is a relatively loose term for any cognitive enhancing supplement. These are natural or synthetic compounds that can help with a variety of mental processes, from focus to memory, to mood.
Some nootropics can treat issues like ADHD, depression, and anxiety, while others may have long term benefits for brain health.
Some nootropics have pretty noticeable, immediate effects, while others are very subtle, and have a cumulative impact over time.
The term “nootropics” was first coined by Romanian chemist Dr. Corneliu E. Giurgea in 1972. Dr. Giurgea synthesized the first nootropic, piracetam, and is considered the grandfather of this field.1Corneliu E. Giurgea, Wikipedia
By Dr. Giurgea’s strict definition, a nootropic is any substance that can enhance mental processes, while at the same time protecting the brain from injury. Nootropics should have very few side-effects and low toxicity.
However, the modern definition of nootropics is a bit looser and covers over a hundred natural and synthetic compounds.
We should point out that “smart drugs” such as Adderall and Ritalin are NOT considered nootropics, due to their negative side-effects and potential toxicity.
Today, millions of people around the world are starting to turn to nootropics for a safe and sustainable mental boost.
Combinations of nootropics are called “stacks.” Most users will take multiple nootropics together for complementary and overlapping effects. For example, someone’s daily stack might consist of:
- Aniracetam for focus and mood
- Bacopa monnieri for memory
- Citicoline for mood, neuroprotection, and to balance out the aniracetam.
This combination would be considered a basic stack. Other stacks could involve significantly more nootropics, depending on what the user is looking for and their brain chemistry.
Some nootropics pair exceptionally well together, and others do not, it is essential to do your research when developing your personal nootropic stack.
On the other hand, if you would prefer to simply purchase a pre-formulated stack of and leave the guesswork out of it, we recommend Mind Lab Pro.
Nootropics Vs. Smart Drugs
Although sometimes the terms are used interchangeably, nootropics are NOT smart drugs.
“Smart drugs” refer to pharmaceuticals like Adderall, Ritalin, and Modafinil. These drugs are certainly effective at boosting cognition, but they also come with side-effects and complications.
Anyone who has experienced an Adderall crash will attest that there is a dark side to these smart drugs.
They generally work by flooding your brain with an unnaturally high level of “feel-good” neurotransmitters like dopamine.
This process can result in a temporary increase in mental power, but after the drug wears off, your brain is deficient in these neuro-chemicals. After all, what goes up must come down.
Although many people can use smart drugs under a physician’s care without issue, others become addicted to them.
Addiction is especially likely for people who use them without prescription. In excess, these drugs can cause significant damage, including overdose and death.
On the other hand, nootropics are neuroprotective by definition. Drugs such as Adderall or Ritalin would not qualify.
In contrast to these medications, nootropics are much more subtle. They protect, rather than deplete, your brain.
So, although both categories can improve your brain function, they are not the same. Nootropics are generally a much more sustainable and healthy option in the long term.
Many people are starting to use nootropics as an alternative to smart drugs. For some, this is a way to keep their brains operating at peak levels without the nasty side-effects.
Are Nootropics Safe?
Nootropics are generally safe by definition. There are many different kinds, but the vast majority have a low side-effect profile and are non-toxic.
In contrast to prescription pharmaceuticals, nootropics are available over the counter because they have not been shown to harm the user in average doses.
That said, there may be occasional issues. Nootropics live under a vast umbrella that includes a wide variety of different supplements. Not every supplement is right for every person, and there can sometimes be adverse reactions with other medications.
As with anything health-related, it is essential to do your research on any nootropic you are considering taking. Consider the following before adding any new supplement to your routine.
Nootropics Safety Guidelines:
- Clinical Research. You should take a look if there have been any high-quality clinical trials on the supplement. The best trials look at large sample sizes under a double-blind, placebo-controlled setting. If researchers have found positive results, this is a good sign that the nootropic is safe and effective. The internet is full of anecdotal reports for supplements. This “evidence” may be somewhat useful for your research, but it is not a substitute for laboratory-controlled results.
- Minimum Dose: Although nootropics are usually non-toxic, you should always take the minimum effective dose. Many nootropics are dose-dependent. Too little may be ineffective, but too much give you unwanted side-effects. Always take a low dose and ramp up slowly if needed.
- Consider The Source. Not all nootropics are created equal, even if they are the same compound. Some vendors are more trustworthy than others. Do your research and see which suppliers have good quality control practices. You don’t want to buy an ineffective bunk.
- Cycle Your Doses. Some nootropics work best when you take regular weekly or monthly breaks to avoid tolerance.
- Consult Your Doctor: It’s always a good idea to consult a physician before starting a new supplement. This approach is especially true if you have underlying medical issues or are taking certain medications. It’s always smart to play it safe.
Best Nootropics & Cognitive Enhancers
Nootropics can act as cognitive enhancers in a variety of ways. Here are just some of the most popular choices for each category:
When you are researching, it’s important to keep in mind that not every nootropic will work for every person. Every brain is different, and what may work well for one person may not work at all for another.
It’s important to listen to your body and make decisions based on your personal situation.
Although many nootropics are synthetic compounds, many are all-natural. Some nootropics are herbal or mushroom remedies that have been used by different cultures for millennia for mental benefits.
So, if you are hesitant about taking something made in a lab, don’t worry! There are plenty of all-natural options, as well.
The most famous natural nootropics include:
So, in a nutshell, nootropics are supplements that can boost your brainpower in a variety of ways.
They are, by definition, neuroprotective, unlike smart drugs such as Adderall, which can have serious adverse effects.
Some are synthetic, and some are all-natural. People generally take multiple nootropics together in complementary “stacks.”
We hope this has helped you understand the basics of nootropics! Please continue reading for more in-depth coverage of individual supplements that may help you achieve your goals.
About the author:
Erik Levi is a co-founder of HolisticNootropics.com and a certified holistic nutritional therapy practitioner.
As an NTP Erik takes a nutrition first approach to health. He has worked with many different people to help them use nutrition to optimize their quality of life.
Erik believes that mental health is a physiological process and cognitive enhancement is not something that can be achieved by just taking some pills with good Amazon reviews.
Instead, true cognitive enhancement comes with the right balance of nutrients, movement, and gratitude. Erik continues to stay up to date with the most current nootropic and holistic health research and promises to deliver the best solutions possible.
You can check out his personal health blog/podcast/YouTube Channel all under the name Holistic A-Hole.