Piracetam: Benefits, Dosing, Where To Buy, And More!

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Key Information

Piracetam is the first nootropic:

Piracetam was discovered in 1964 and started the field of cognitive enhancers.

Piracetam boosts memory and cognition:

Piracetam increases acetylcholine, blood flow, and NMDA receptors in the brain.

Piracetam is safe and non-toxic:

Piracetam has few side effects and can be taken long-term with choline supplements.

Piracetam has multiple benefits and uses:

Piracetam can improve mood, verbal fluency, learning, and brain health.

Affiliate Disclosure: Holistic Nootropics may earn affiliate commissions if you purchase through the links on this page. Here's how it works.

In the vast world of nootropics, Piracetam stands out as a pioneering substance that has captured the attention of cognitive enhancement enthusiasts for decades. As the first nootropic ever developed, Piracetam has a rich history and a wealth of scientific research backing its potential to enhance brain function and support mental well-being.

At Holistic Nootropics, we believe in taking a comprehensive approach to cognitive optimization, and Piracetam is a prime example of a nootropic that can be integrated into a holistic lifestyle for maximizing mental performance.

In this in-depth guide, we will explore the origins, mechanisms, benefits, and practical considerations surrounding Piracetam, empowering you to make informed decisions about incorporating this remarkable nootropic into your cognitive enhancement regimen.

Whether you are new to nootropics or a seasoned enthusiast, this article will provide you with a comprehensive understanding of Piracetam and its potential to elevate your mental capabilities.

Learn More: What are Nootropics?

What is Piracetam?

Piracetam, chemically known as 2-oxo-1-pyrrolidine acetamide, is a synthetic compound belonging to the racetam family of nootropics. It was first synthesized in 1964 by Belgian pharmaceutical company UCB Pharma, marking the birth of the term “nootropic” coined by Dr. Corneliu E. Giurgea to describe substances that enhance cognitive function without causing significant side effects or toxicity.

The exact mechanisms of action of Piracetam are not fully understood, but research suggests that it exerts its nootropic effects through multiple pathways:

  • Modulates AMPA and NMDA receptors involved in learning and memory formation
  • Increases acetylcholine levels, a neurotransmitter critical for cognitive functions
  • Improves cerebral blood flow, enhancing oxygen and nutrient delivery to the brain

Benefits of Piracetam

Piracetam has been extensively studied for its potential cognitive-enhancing properties, with research suggesting a wide range of benefits:

Cognitive Enhancement

  • Improves memory and learning by facilitating the formation of new synaptic connections
  • Enhances focus and concentration, enabling better task performance and productivity
  • Boosts verbal fluency and creativity, fostering better communication and problem-solving skills


  • Protects against age-related cognitive decline by improving mitochondrial function and reducing oxidative stress[^6^]
  • Reduces the risk of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s

Treatment of Neurological Disorders

  • Effective for managing myoclonus, a neurological disorder characterized by involuntary muscle twitches
  • Potential benefits for dyslexia, improving reading speed and comprehension

Other Potential Applications

  • Enhances athletic performance by improving coordination, reaction time, and endurance
  • Alleviates symptoms of anxiety and depression, promoting emotional well-being

Dosage and Administration

The optimal dosage of Piracetam varies among individuals, but the following guidelines are generally recommended:

  • Attack dose: 4800-9600 mg/day divided into 2-3 doses for the first few weeks to rapidly achieve therapeutic levels[9]
  • Maintenance dose: 1200-4800 mg/day divided into 2-3 doses for sustained cognitive support

Piracetam can be administered orally as capsules, tablets, or powder. Sublingual administration (placing the powder under the tongue) is often preferred for faster absorption.

To optimize the effects of Piracetam, it is crucial to pair it with a quality choline source, such as Alpha GPC or CDP-Choline. Choline is a precursor to acetylcholine, and supplementing with it can prevent headaches and enhance the nootropic benefits of Piracetam.

Side Effects and Precautions

Piracetam is generally well-tolerated, with a low incidence of side effects. However, some users may experience:

  • Headache
  • Gastrointestinal discomfort
  • Insomnia
  • Irritability

Rare but serious side effects may include allergic reactions and bleeding disorders. Piracetam is contraindicated in pregnancy, breastfeeding, and individuals with kidney or liver disease. It may also interact with anticoagulants and antiplatelet medications[^10^].

Piracetam vs. Other Racetams

Piracetam is the prototype of the racetam family, but there are several other racetams with unique properties and potencies. The following table compares Piracetam with some of the most popular racetams:

RacetamPotencyHalf-lifeUnique Properties
PiracetamLow5 hoursEnhances cerebral blood flow
AniracetamModerate1-2 hoursAnxiolytic effects
OxiracetamModerate8 hoursStimulant-like effects
PhenylpiracetamHigh2-3 hoursEnhances physical performance
PramiracetamHigh4-6 hoursPotent memory enhancer

Piracetam has several advantages over other racetams:

  • Well-studied and proven safe for long-term use
  • Suitable for daily supplementation
  • Synergistic with other nootropics, allowing for customized stacks

Piracetam Stacks

Piracetam can be combined with other nootropics to create synergistic stacks tailored to specific cognitive goals. Some popular Piracetam stacks include:

  • Beginner stack: Piracetam + Choline source (e.g., Alpha GPC or CDP-Choline)
  • Advanced stack: Piracetam + Aniracetam + Oxiracetam + Choline source
  • Piracetam and Noopept synergy for enhanced cognitive benefits

Learn More: Top Nootropic Stacks for Cognitive Enhancement

Where to Buy Piracetam

The availability and legality of Piracetam vary by country. In some European countries, it is sold as a prescription medication, while in others, it is over-the-counter. In the United States, Piracetam is not approved by the FDA and cannot be sold as a dietary supplement, but it can be purchased for research purposes.

When purchasing Piracetam, choosing reputable vendors prioritizing quality control and third-party testing is essential.

Some trusted online sources for Piracetam include:

Piracetam - Powder, 200g by Science.Bio #1

Piracetam – Powder, 200g by Science.Bio

Cognitive Enhancement, Neuroprotection
Learn MoreSave 15% w code “holisticnootropics” at checkout
Piracetam by SwissChem #2

Piracetam by SwissChem

Boost Brain Function with Piracetam
Learn MoreUse code holisticnootropics10 for 10% off entire order
Piracetam - Cosmic Nootropics #3

Piracetam – Cosmic Nootropics

The OG nootropic
Learn MoreUse code: HOLISTIC5 To Save 5%

Learn More: Piracetam Product Page

Piracetam Discussions on Reddit

The nootropics community on Reddit is a valuable resource for learning about personal experiences, dosage recommendations, and potential side effects of Piracetam. Here are some notable insights from Piracetam discussions on Reddit:

Positive Experiences

The effects are **so amazing** that the people around me also wonder how much I have changed.

u/ansi-l in discussion ‘Experience with Piracetam for 5 years’

Dosage and Administration Tips

I take 600-800mg. More than that and you may find yourself yawning more frequently.

u/Cauterized in discussion ‘I have no idea why it’s so effective but Piracetam is my favorite nootropic.’

Potential Side Effects and Precautions

The only time I’ve ever seen anyone say anything about \[addiction\] is right here

u/daHaus in discussion ‘Piracetam scare’

These discussions highlight the importance of personal research and caution when trying new supplements. While many users report positive experiences with Piracetam, individual responses may vary, and it is crucial to start with low doses, monitor your body’s reactions, and consult with a healthcare professional if you have any concerns.

Frequently Asked Questions


Piracetam is a pioneering nootropic with a long history of use and a wealth of scientific research supporting its potential cognitive-enhancing properties. By modulating neurotransmitter systems, improving cerebral blood flow, and providing neuroprotection, Piracetam can help optimize brain function and promote mental well-being.

As with any nootropic, individual responses to Piracetam may vary, and it is crucial to approach its use with caution and self-awareness. Starting with low doses, monitoring your body’s reactions, and combining Piracetam with a healthy lifestyle that prioritizes nutrition, exercise, sleep, and stress management can help you maximize its benefits while minimizing the risk of side effects.

At Holistic Nootropics, we believe in empowering our readers with the knowledge and tools to make informed decisions about their cognitive enhancement journey. By providing comprehensive guides like this one, we aim to demystify the world of nootropics and help you navigate the path to optimal brain performance.

If you have any questions, insights, or experiences related to Piracetam, we encourage you to share them in the comments section below. Together, we can build a supportive community that values open discussion, continuous learning, and the responsible use of nootropics for holistic cognitive enhancement.


  1. Bering B, Muller WE. Interaction of piracetam with several neurotransmitter receptors in the central nervous system. Relative specificity for 3H-glutamate sites. Arzneimittelforschung. 1985;35(9):1350-2. [PubMed] https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/3002398/
  2. Ahmed AH, Oswald RE. Piracetam defines a new binding site for allosteric modulators of alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole-propionic acid (AMPA) receptors. J Med Chem. 2010 Mar 11;53(5):2197-203. doi: 10.1021/jm901905j. [PMC2872987] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2872987/
  3. Stoll L, Schubert T, Muller WE. Age-related deficits of central muscarinic cholinergic receptor function in the mouse: partial restoration by chronic piracetam treatment. Neurobiol Aging. 1992 Jan-Feb;13(1):39-44. [PubMed] https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/1542379/
  4. Kessler J, Thiel A, Karbe H, Heiss WD. Piracetam improves activated blood flow and facilitates rehabilitation of poststroke aphasic patients. Stroke. 2000 Sep;31(9):2112-6. [PubMed] https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/10978039/
  5. Waegemans T, Wilsher CR, Danniau A, Ferris SH, Kurz A, Winblad B. Clinical efficacy of piracetam in cognitive impairment: a meta-analysis. Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord. 2002;13(4):217-24. [PubMed] https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/12006732/
  6. Stockburger C, Kurz C, Koch KA, Eckert SH, Leuner K, Müller WE. Improvement of mitochondrial function and dynamics by the metabolic enhancer piracetam. Biochem Soc Trans. 2013 Oct;41(5):1331-4. [PubMed] https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24059528/
  7. Fedi M, Reutens D, Dubeau F, Andermann E, D’Agostino D, Andermann F. Long-term efficacy and safety of piracetam in the treatment of progressive myoclonus epilepsy. Arch Neurol. 2001 May;58(5):781-6. [PubMed] https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/11346373/
  8. Wilsher CR, Bennett D, Chase CH, Conners CK, DiIanni M, Feagans L, Hanvik LJ, Helfgott E, Koplewicz H, Overby P. Piracetam and dyslexia: effects on reading tests. J Clin Psychopharmacol. 1987 Aug;7(4):230-7. [PubMed] https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/3305591/
  9. Winblad B. Piracetam: a review of pharmacological properties and clinical uses. CNS Drug Rev. 2005 Summer;11(2):169-82. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16007238/
  10. Moriau M, Crasborn L, Lavenne-Pardonge E, von Frenckell R, Col-Debeys C. Platelet anti-aggregant and rheological properties of piracetam. A pharmacodynamic study in normal subjects. Arzneimittelforschung. 1993 Feb;43(2):110-8. [PubMed] https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/8457235/

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